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AfterStep Functionbuilt in AfterStep functions


 Overview

  • CONFIGURATION OPTIONS :

     Background "name" filename

    Change  Background image to specified file

    Copies image file specified by filename into user's non-configurable directory. Depending on  Background configuration in look file, this may not have any effect.

     BackgroundForeign "name" filename

    Change  Background image to specified file

    Works same as  Background but generates minipixmap from the image automagically. Also tries to determine  if  background should be fullscreen and crops/scales it to the proper size.

    Beep

    Make the  window manager issue a beep - pretty useful eh? :)

     BookmarkWindow "name" new_bookmark

    Places a bookmark on the selected  window , to be used later on to get back to that  window .

     Category "category-name"

    Generate a menu from all the members belonging to specified desktop category. For example  Category "Modules", generate a menu of all AfterStep modules in afterstep/applications/modules.desktop

    CategoryTree

    FIXME:  add proper description here.

     ChangeColorscheme "name" filename

    Change Color Scheme to specified file

    Copies  color scheme configuration file specified by filename into user's non-configurable directory.

     ChangeFeel "name" filename

    Change Feel to specified file

    Copies feel configuration file specified by filename into user's non-configurable directory.

     ChangeLook "name" filename

    Change Look to specified file

    Copies Look configuration file specified by filename into user's non-configurable directory, to be used by AfterStep.

     ChangeTheme "name" file_name

    Sets current theme  config file. Such  config file may include settings for look, feel, menu, autoexec and any  module .

    ChangeThemeFile

    Installs a theme from a provided .tar, .tar.gz, or .tar.bz2 AfterStep theme file.

     ChangeWindowDown ["name" window_name]

    Causes the pointer to move to the previous  window in the list of windows for which CirculateSkip has not not been specified.

    The mouse will jump (going backwards) to the first  window whose name (or icon name or class) matches window_name. The "name" entry then becomes required, but serves no purpose  if the function is not called from a menu or popup.

     ChangeWindowUp ["name" window_name]

    Causes the pointer to move to the previous  window in the list of windows for which CirculateSkip has not not been specified.

    The mouse will jump to the first  window whose name (or icon name or class) matches window_name. The "name" entry then becomes required, but serves no purpose  if the function is not called from a menu or popup.

     Close ["name"]

    First sends the WM_DELETE message,  if this is not understood, then the XKillClient(3) is sent to the  window .

     CursorMove horizontal vertical

    Moves the mouse pointer by horizontal views in the x-direction, and vertical views in the y-direction. Either or both entries may be negative. Both horizontal and vertical values are expressed in percent of pages, so 100 would be one full view.

    The  CursorMove function should not be called from pop-up menus.

     Delete ["name"]

    Sends a WM_DELETE message to a  window asking that it remove itself, frequently causing the application to exit.

     Desk arg1 [arg2]

    Changes current desk to another desk as surmised from the arguments supplied. If only arg1 is specified and is non-zero, then the current desk will become "desk + arg1" and arg2 is ignored. If arg1 is zero, then arg2 must be specified or no desk change will occur; and arg2 will specify the desk to switch to.  Desk numbers are determined dynamically and must be between 2147483647 and -2147483648; meaning they can also be negative.

    DesktopEntry

    FIXME:  add proper description here.

     Destroy ["name"]

    Sends the XKillClient(3) to a  window . Guaranteed to get rid of the  window .

    EndFunction

    Terminates a Complex  Function definition.

    EndPopup

    Terminates a  Popup definition.

     Exec "name" command [-options]

    Specifies a sub process to initiate. The "name" is required for ease of parsing. The command is the command or application to be invoked along with any desired -options.

     ExecBrowser "name" URL

    Open URL in web browser.

     ExecEditor "name" filename

    Open file in  text editor.

     ExecInTerm "name" command [-options]

    Specifies a sub process to initiate. It is similar to  Exec , though targeted at programms that need a terminal to run. The following terminal emulators are tried in order: aterm, rxvt, eterm, xterm.

    Focus

    Moves the view or  window as needed to make the selected  window visible. Sets the keyboard  focus to the selected  window . Raises the  window  if needed to make it visible. Warps the pointer into the selected  window in  focus -follows-mouse mode. Does not de- iconify . This function is primarily handy when used with a  module such as the WinList.

     Folder "folder-name"

    Defines a slide-out folder inside the current folder. The following button definitions will be placed inside of the subfolder, until a *Wharf ~Folder line is encountered. See the EXAMPLES section below for an example. Folders may be nested.

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

    Fullscreen

    Toggle  window  Fullscreen state. Will disregard any AvoidCover windows and will try to make  window as big as the screen unless it's hints  set certain limitation on size.  Window in  Fullscreen mode cannot be Maximized.

     Function "function_name"

    There are also two situations where this might occur as well; as a function definition stanza, or in calling a previously defined function decleration.

     Function  "function_name"
        built-in_file "action" [argument]
     EndFunction 
    

    Specifies the definition of a complex function "function_name", which can later be bound to a mouse button or key using "function_name" to  recall this declaration. built-in_command specifies which command will be performed, taking its syntax from this list of Built-In Commands/Functions. "action" specifies the action to take followed by any additional arguments needed by the built-in_command. Menus can be specified by using the Popup command, as long as the menu was defined earlier in the configuration file.

    The trigger actions which are recognized are Immediate (can be shortened to "I"), Motion, Click, DoubleClick and TripleClick. Immediate actions are executed as soon as the function is activated, even  if a  window has not been selected. If there are actions other than immediate ones, afterstep will wait to see  if the user is clicking, double-clicking, triple-clicking or dragging the mouse; then will execute only the built-ins from the function definition whose trigger action matches the action performed by the user. The clicking, double-clicking and triple-clicking concepts do not carry through to using keyboard shortcuts.

    Two special functions exist: InitFunction and RestartFunction. The InitFunction will be called when afterstep is started for the first time in any X session, and can be used to start modules and begin programs. The RestartFunction will be called when afterstep is restarted. It can be used to re-start modules but probably should not be used to start programs. These two functions are defined in the autoexec file.

    When calling a previously defined  Function or a  Function from a key-stroke combination,  Function is simply used as a built-in command using the previously defined "action" from the same function_name.

     Function  built-in_command "action" function_name
    

    Refer to the feel.name files and below in EXAMPLES for examples.

    GetHelp

    Runs afterstepdoc script, that attempts to guess which web browser is available on the system, and then launches it to display HTML documentation for AfterStep.

     GoToBookmark ["name" window_bookmark ]

    Focuses  window specified by previously placed window_bookmark.

     GotoDeskViewport  Desk +Vx+Vy

    Changes both current desk and viewport.

     GotoPage x y

    Moves the desktop view to page x y. The upper left page is (0,0), the upper right is (N,0), where N is one less than the current number of horizontal pages specified in the DeskTopSize command detailed in the Pager(1) man page. The lower left page is (0,M), and the lower right page is (N,M), where M is the desktop's vertical size as specified in the DeskTopSize command.

    The  GotoPage function should not be used in a pop-up menu.

     Iconify ["name"] [value]

    Iconifies a  window  if it is not already iconified, or de-iconifies it  if it is already iconified. If the optional argument value is positive, then only iconification will be allowed, and de-iconification will be inhibited. If the optional argument is negative, only de-iconification will be allowed.

     InstallBackground "name" filename

    Copies specified file to ~/.afterstep/backgrounds/ directory, so that it will show up in the menu, to be used for Root  background .

     InstallColorscheme "name" filename

    Copies specified file to ~/.afterstep/colorschemes/ directory, so that it will show up in the menu, to be used as  color scheme.

     InstallFeel "name" filename

    Copies specified file to ~/.afterstep/feels/ directory, so that it will show up in the menu.

     InstallFont "name" filename

    Copies specified TTF file to ~/.afterstep/desktop/fonts/ directory, so that it could be used in look configuration.

     InstallIcon "name" filename

    Copies specified image file to ~/.afterstep/desktop/icons/ directory, so that it could be used in look and database configuration.

     InstallLook "name" filename

    Copies specified look file to ~/.afterstep/looks/ directory, so that it could be selected from the menu.

     InstallThemeFile "name" filename

    Copies specified theme file to ~/.afterstep/themes/ directory, so that it could be selected from the menu.

     InstallTile "name" filename

    Copies specified image file to ~/.afterstep/desktop/tiles/ directory, so that it could be used in look and database configuration.

    KIPCsendMessageAll

    Sends a signal to all  KDE applications, refreshing their visual properties.

    KillAllModulesByName

    Kills AfterStep modules with a provided matching name.

     KillModuleByName "name" modulename

    Kill  module with specified name.

     LargeMiniPixmap pixmap

    Specifies a given pixmap to display to the left of the menu item which invokes this menu, or in the title of this menu. Used in menu entries instead of  MiniPixmap when it is not desired to  scale -down a pixmap image. Pixmap images are full-size. Opposite is  SmallMiniPixmap .

    See Also:  MiniPixmap ,  SmallMiniPixmap ,  MenuMiniPixmaps .

     Lower ["name"]

    Allows the user to lower a  window .

     MaxSwallow " window -name" command

    Like Swallow, except the button will be resized to fit the application.

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

     MaxSwallowModule " window -name" command

    Like MaxSwallow, except the command is an AfterStep  module .

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

     Maximize ["name"] [horizontal vertical]

    Causes the  window to alternately switch from a full-screen size to its normal size. Specifying the optional arguments of horizontal and vertical, control can be attained as to the percentage of the full screen that the  new size of the  window becomes. If horizontal > 0, then the horizontal dimension of the  window will be  set to horizontal*screen_width/100. The vertical resizing is similar. Values larger than 100 can be used with caution. The defaults for horizontal and vertical are 100s (ie, fullscreen).

     MiniPixmap pixmap

    Specifies a given pixmap to display to the left of the menu item which invokes this menu, or in the title of this menu. Default pixmap size is 24x24 pixels; this size can be adjusted in Look via MiniPixmapSize.

    See Also:  MinipixmapSize ,  LargeMiniPixmap ,  SmallMiniPixmap ,  MenuMiniPixmaps .

     Module ModuleName [arguments]

    Specifies that ModuleName should be spawned.

    Currently, many modules are included with afterstep. Wharf(1x) and Pager(1x) are two of the more popular ones. Wharf will normally be spawned during initialization instead of in response to a mouse binding or menu action. Modules can be short lived transient programs, or, like Wharf, can be intended to remain for the duration of the X session. Modules will be terminated by afterstep prior to restarts and quits,  if possible.

     Move ["name"]

    Allows the user to move a  window or iconified app.

     Nop ""

    Inserts a horizontal line (<HR> type html line) in a menu entry list.

     Nop "name"

    Inserts a name in the menu, stippled (disabled and grayed-out).

    PasteSelection

    This function allows for substitute of X clipboard copy-pasting  if application is missing it.

     PinMenu ["name"]

    Pins menu on desktop.

     PopUp "popup_name"

    There are two situations where this might occur; as a popup menu stanza definition, or in calling a previously defined menu declaration.

         Popup  "popup_name"
        built-in_command  "name" [argument]
         EndPopup 
        

    Specfies the definition of a complex menu popup "popup_name", which can be bound to a mouse button or key using "popup_name" to  recall this declaration. built-in_command specifies which command will be performed, utilizing it's syntax from this list of Built-In Commands/Functions. "name" specifies the name which will appear within the menu for the given item, and additionally any arguments needed by the built-in_command. The  Popup definition ends with the keyword  EndPopup . Sub-menus can be created by calling the  Popup built-in within another  Popup declaration, as long as that sub-menu was defined earlier in the configuration file.

    Shortcut keys may be specified in the menu definition by preceding a character with an ampersand. The ampersand will not be displayed, but the character after it will be displayed at the right side of the same entry. and  if the user presses the corresponding key, then that item will be activated as  if it had been clicked upon. Only alphanumeric characters may be used as shortcut keys. The shift state of the keyboard is ignored when testing shortcut characters.

    Shortcut keys are not operative unless MENU_HOTKEYS was defined when building AfterStep. If WINDOWLIST_HOTKETS was also defined, then hot keys are automatically added to the  WindowList when it is displayed.

    When calling a previously defined menu or a menu from a key-stroke combination,  Popup is simply used as a built-in command with the "name" referring to the previously defined  Popup definitions name.

    Popups can be bound to keys through the use of the key modifier. Popups can be operated without using the mouse by binding to keys, and operating via the up arrow, down arrow, and enter keys. Refer to the feel.name files and below in EXAMPLES for examples.

    PutOnBack

    Moves the target  window to the bottom of its layer, or down one layer  if it is already at the bottom.

    PutOnTop

    Moves the target  window to the top of its layer, or up one layer  if it is already at the top.

     QuickRestart look|feel|look+feel

    Causes AfterStep to reload specified  config .

     Quit ["name"]

    Exits afterstep, generally causing X to exit too.

     Raise ["name"]

    Allows the user to  raise a  window .

     RaiseLower ["name"]

    Alternately raises and lowers a  window ; i.e.  if it's raised, the  window will lower, and vice versa.

     Refresh ["name"]

    Causes all windows on the screen to re-draw themselves.

     Resize ["name"]

    Allows the user to resize a  window .

     Restart "name" WindowManagerName

    Restarts X(1) with the given WindowManagerName. If WindowManagerName isafterstep, then this forces afterstep to reread all of its configuration files and reinitiate the session. If WindowManagerName is not in the default search path, then the full path name should be given.

    RestartModuleByName

    Restarts AfterStep modules with a provided matching name.

    RestartModuleList

    Restarts all AfterStep modules.

    SET_FLAGS

    Do not use. Reserved for use by AfterStep modules to  set communication flags - identifying which messages  module wishes to receive.

    SET_MASK

    Do not use. Reserved for use by AfterStep modules.

    SET_NAME

    Do not use. Reserved for use by AfterStep modules to identify themselves to AfterStep.

     SaveWorkspace "name" file_name

    Write list of presently running applications with its position and desktop number into specified file. You can run this file at a later time as a shell script to  restore state of the desktop. Note this does not work for many applications that does not provide needed  ICCCM properties on its windows.

     Scroll horizontal vertical

    Scrolls the desktop's view by horizontal pages in the x-direction, and vertical pages in the y-direction. Either or both entries may be negative. Both horizontal and vertical values are expressed in percent of pages, so 100 would be one full page. Normally, scrolling stops at the edge of the desktop. If the horizontal and vertical values are multiplied by 1000, then scrolling will wrap around at the edge of the desktop.

    The scroll function should not be called from pop-up menus.

    Send_WindowList

    This  Function is used by modules to obtain list of  open windows.

    Set

    FIXME:  add proper description here.

     SetLayer layer

    Moves the target  window to layer layer.

     Shade ["name"]

    Emulates the MacOS WindowShade feature. Once activated the  window will become a titlebar only.

    SignalReloadGTKRCFile

    Forces all GTK apps to reload the gtkrc files.

     Size width height

    Sets the size of the associated button, overriding any other size consideration.

    The Wharf button size depends on several things. The order of precedence is:

    1)  Size  definition
    2)  MaxSwallow 'd  window  size
    3) WharfPixmap size
    4)  Use  64x64.
    

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

     SmallMiniPixmap pixmap

    Specifies a given pixmap to display to the left of the menu item which invokes this menu, or in the title of this menu. Used in menu entries instead of  MiniPixmap ; scales-down pixmap images to the smallest size. It is sized based-on the Menu font size plus eight pixels; width is calculated to keep proportionality.

    See Also:  MiniPixmap ,  LargeMiniPixmap ,  MenuMiniPixmaps .

     Stick ["name"]

    Makes a  window sticky (stays on screen when desks/views are switched)  if it is not already sticky, or non-sticky  if it is already sticky.

    StopModuleList

    Stops all AfterStep modules.

     Swallow " window -name" command

    Causes Wharf to run command, capture the first  window whose name or resource is  window -name, and display it in the associated button. The application  window will be shrunk to fit the size of the button.

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

     SwallowModule " window -name" command

    Like Swallow, except the command is an AfterStep  module .

    This is a Wharf specific  Function .

     SwallowWindow "pattern" shell_command

    will cause already opened  window to be swallowed, while just  Swallow will run application,  if there are no windows matching pattern

     TakeFrameShot "name" filename

    Grabs screenshot of the client  window including frame decorations and  save it in specifyed files.

     TakeScreenShot "name" filename

    Grabs screenshot of the entire screen and  save it in specifyed files.

     TakeWindowShot "name" filename

    Grabs screenshot of the client  window excluding frame decorations and  save it in specifyed files.

    Test

    Do not use. Internal function.

     Title "name"

    Insert a title line of heading name into a popup or menu.

     ToggleLayer layer1 layer2

    Specifies that  if the  window is in layer1, it should be placed in layer2. Otherwise, it is placed in layer1. In either case, the  window will be placed on top of other windows in the target layer.

     TogglePage ["name"]

    Temporarily disables EdgeScroll. Edge scrolling can be re-enabled by calling this again.

    Transient

    Specifies that this button will not perform any action, will not be pushable, and will not have an associated balloon.

    UNLOCK

    Do not use. Internal function.

     Wait app_name

    This is intended to be used in afterstep functions only. It causes execution of a function to pause until a  new  window named app_name appears. afterstep remains fully functional during a wait. This is particularly useful in the InitFunction and RestartFunction,  if you are trying to start windows on specific desktops.

     WarpBack ["name" window_name]

    Same as ChangeWindowDown, but uniconifies any iconified windows as it focuses on them.

     WarpFore ["name" window_name]

    Same as ChangeWindowUp, but uniconifies any iconified windows as it focuses on them.

     WindowList [arg1 arg2]

    Specifies the internal popup menu in which the titles of each  open application are displayed, should be popped up. Selecting an item from the list will cause the current desk to switch to the application's desk, and will  raise it  if it's behind other windows. If the application is currently iconified, then it will be de-iconified normally.

    Generally,  if arg1 is an even number, then the windows will be listed using the  window name (the name that shows up in the title-bar);  if arg1 is an odd number, then the  window 's icon name is used.

    Specifically,  if arg1 is 0, 1 or 2, then all windows on all desks will be shown. If arg1 is 2 or 3, then only windows on the current desk will be shown. If arg1 is 4 or 5, then only windows on the desk number specified with arg2, will be shown. Windows which have WindowListSkip specified in their style will not be listed in the  window list.

     WindowsDesk new_desk [10000]

    Moves the selected  window to the desktop specified as new_desk. If second argument is  set to 10000 then first is treated as relative desktop number.



  • AfterStep Documentation   -   October 2005     ( 80% complete )

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